African Manifesto
Header picture


 

The African Manifesto is based on Carlos Cooks, African Nationalist Pioneer Movement; With major attention on embracing ethnicity beginning in the 60s with an annual "Miss Natural Standard of Beauty" contest. At the same time, African communities were encouraged to embrace their own  physical characteristics of nappy hair, thick lips, broad noses and melanin skin. Youthful attractive and shapely women would compete wearing their hair natural without any makeup. Notably, these women were required to answer questions focusing on history. 

They would be asked  two historical events that should be known by African communities everywhere. That begins with Haiti's victory on January 1, 1804. Which represents the only time in history where slaves fought and won their Independence on the battlefield to become a  independent republic. Even to this day, Haitians celebrate "Liberty Soup" honoring this astonishing victory;    Moreover, it still being celebrated every year with a pumpkin soup, which the French forbid the slaves to eat. In today's modern world, Haitians everywhere begins every year with a Liberty Soup.    At the other end of this historical spectrum is Ethiopian's celebrating their victory at Adowa on March 1, 1896 making Ethiopia a sole African country entering in the 20th century with their culture, history, language and calendar in tack.

The African Manifesto advises communities to build their own industries while buying, and selling commodities among themselves. Well as African countries adding value to their resources before exporting. The document is a reversal of western culture's conquering concept. Which has its origin from the Christopher Columbus second voyage in 1493? That marked the first time in western  history when one culture deliberately sets out to conquer other people by robbing them of their resources and at the same time denigrating their traditions and religion. Christopher Columbus is a prime example with his flotilla of seventeen ships, outfitted with an assortment of weapons, domesticated animals to start a colony along with five priests to force Catholicism on their victims. This was under the direction of Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand with a blessing of the pope. Notably, his second voyage on September 24, 1493, was the beginning of the European conquest. This one event still  has an averse   effect on  Asians and Africans everywhere. Who are living these two legacies of losing ethnicity as well as economic independence? It can be said without successful contradiction people of color, and Africans specifically have been victimized by these historical events.  

It can be said with a strong degree of certainty Africans gave birth to civilizations. The evidence is a discovery of Dinknesh in Ethiopia (known as " Lucy " in western culture) along with Dr. Louis Leakey and his wife, Mary, who uncovered evidence that at least two different man-like creatures lived in Africa almost two million years ago. This is where civilization began and spread globally.  Before proceeding, there are two major misconceptions that have been ingrained in today's culture that has to be addressed. The first is Africans have no written language; This false allegation is easily dispelled with Ethiopia's Amharic as well as, Amazigh (a.k.a. Berbers) written scripts. And also, when Nelson Mandela was President, he paid to preserve libraries found in Timbuktu. South African Professor Rodney Thebe Medupe analyzed some of the text, which reveals this Timbuktu material was written in Fulfulde, Hausa, Tamasheq, etc. The second is there is no Ruins outside of Egypt. This is easily proven false by 11 earths built churches in Lalibela, Ethiopia. The town was originally known as Roha. It was renamed after the 12th-century King Lalilbela, who commissioned these extraordinary churches. These churches were not constructed they were excavated. Each church was created by first carving a wide trench on all four sides of the rock, then painstakingly chiseling out the interior.

And also, is the Walls of Benin were a combination of ramparts and moats, called Lya in the local language, used as a defense of this historic Benin City, formerly of the now-defunct Kingdom of Benin and now the capital of present-day Edo State of Nigeria. It was considered the largest structure lengthwise, second only to the Great Wall of China, and was hailed as the greatest earthwork in the world. With additional work by Patrick Darling [of Bournemouth University, UK], it has been established as a  man-made longest structure in the world, larger than Sungbo's Eredo. Its length was over 9942 miles of earth boundaries. It was estimated that the earliest construction began in 800 AD and continued into the mid-1400s.

Another example is Great Zimbabwe. These Ruins are one of the most important archaeological sites in Africa, giving testimony to the lost civilization of the Shona. This city existed here from the 11th century on, with over 10.000 inhabitants. Great Zimbabwe ( " stone houses " ) was a main regional trading center, its wealth associated with (Arab) gold trading. They also trade links with East Africa (Kilwa), and fragments of Persian and Chinese's pottery have been found at the site. Arab and European travelers in the 16th century sent marveling report's home from this place and its impressive stone walls. The site was abandoned in the 15th century (for Khami) because of a lack of food and firewood. The ruins nowadays are spread out over three main areas: the Hill Ruins, the Great Enclosure, and the Valley Ruins. There are four important historical events, which explain life from an African perspective in today's contemporary world.

These events occurred hundred of years before western civilization. Which is indisputable evidence humanity begun in Africa? Whom migrated and populated worldwide in during this process developed, organized societies becoming fathers and mothers of mankind; beginning with ancient Nubia, and also, Kush, which was followed by West African medieval kingdoms of Mali, Songhai among many others. Representing Central, East and South Africa respectively, are the kingdoms of the Kongo, Kilwa City states along with Great Zimbabwe.

The Manifesto will conclude with  focusing on  World War II.   Emphasizing  on identifying individual lack of economic understanding.   Along with  countries being   exploited by foreign entities.   With feasible solutions on forming an universal African social and economic networking web.  Which would encourage Africans everywhere to embrace their ethnicity and economic prowness in an  African Manifesto.

Ancient History began in Africa and spread throughout the world.  The main method of development was its waterways of the Kongo, Niger and Nile Rivers. Mindfully, these civilizations begin upriver and worked their way downriver, actually, the world shared from African development of farming, the domestication of animals and fish. These contributions led toward the creation of other civilizations around the world. It can be said with a strong degree of certainty Africans gave birth to civilizations. The evidence is a discovery of Dinknesh in Ethiopia (known as " Lucy " in western culture) along with Dr. Louis Leakey and his wife, Mary, who uncovered evidence that at least two different man-like creatures lived in Africa almost two million years ago. This is where civilization began and spread globally.

Before proceeding, there are two major misconceptions that have been ingrained in today's culture that has to be addressed. The first is Africans have no written language; This false allegation is easily dispelled with Ethiopia's Amharic as well as, Amazigh (a.k.a. Berbers) written scripts. And also, when Nelson Mandela was President, he paid to preserve libraries found in Timbuktu. South African Professor Rodney Thebe Medupe analyzed some of the text, which reveals this Timbuktu material was written in Fulfulde, Hausa, Tamasheq, etc. The second is there is no Ruins outside of Egypt. This is easily proven false by 11 earths built churches in Lalibela, Ethiopia. The town was originally known as Roha. It was renamed after the 12th-century King Lalilbela, who commissioned these extraordinary churches. These churches were not constructed they were excavated. Each church was created by first carving a wide trench on all four sides of the rock, then painstakingly chiseling out the interior.

And also, is the Walls of Benin were a combination of ramparts and moats, called Lya in the local language, used as a defense of this historic Benin City, formerly of the now-defunct Kingdom of Benin and now the capital of present-day Edo State of Nigeria. It was considered the largest structure lengthwise, second only to the Great Wall of China, and was hailed as the greatest earthwork in the world. With additional work by Patrick Darling [of Bournemouth University, UK], it has been established as a  man-made longest structure in the world, larger than Sungbo's Eredo. Its length was over 9942 miles of earth boundaries. It was estimated that the earliest construction began in 800 AD and continued into the mid-1400s.

Another example is Great Zimbabwe. These Ruins are one of the most important archaeological sites in Africa, giving testimony to the lost civilization of the Shona. This city existed here from the 11th century on, with over 10.000 inhabitants. Great Zimbabwe ( " stone houses " ) was a main regional trading center, its wealth associated with (Arab) gold trading. They also trade links with East Africa (Kilwa), and fragments of Persian and Chinese's pottery have been found at the site. Arab and European travelers in the 16th century sent marveling report's home from this place and its impressive stone walls. The site was abandoned in the 15th century (for Khami) because of a lack of food and firewood. The ruins nowadays are spread out over three main areas: the Hill Ruins, the Great Enclosure, and the Valley Ruins. There are four important historical events, which explain life from an African perspective in today's contemporary world.

These events occurred hundred of years before western civilization. Which is indisputable evidence humanity begun in Africa? Whom migrated and populated worldwide in during this process developed, organized societies becoming fathers and mothers of mankind; beginning with ancient Nubia, and also, Kush, which was followed by West African medieval kingdoms of Mali, Songhai among many others. Representing Central, East and South Africa respectively, are the kingdoms of the Kongo, Kilwa City states along with Great Zimbabwe.

The African Manifesto is a global invitation for activists, organizations, religious communities, newspapers, along with blogs.  Its  origin   is based on Marcus   Garvey's philosophies and opinions beginning  with capitalizing Negro.     Which was followed by  his prodigy   Carlos Cooks who advocated using Black.   The next and final step is using African to identify all of its people regardless of their birthplace.  This lone nuance   unifies  all its citizens into a unified forum. In preparation for this presentation a brief chronological outline of history will be presented. Beginning  with Africans migrating, populating,  developing,   organizing,   becoming  fathers and mothers of mankind. 

They shared their knowledge of  farming, domestication of animals and organized fishing. And also,  were first to build huge permanent monuments as well as,  developing civilizations for  all of  humanity. Which was  started by   over 200  African cultures. That  gave birth to  Nubia, Kush, and Songhai empires,  along with  Ethiopian and Kongo kingdoms among  many others.  Notably, there is a false allegation  Arab's  are indigenous to North Africa. Which is absolutely ridiculous.  This misconception began with their invasion  in 652 inhabiting    Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Morocco, Mauritania, and Sudan.  Consequently, there is  a misguide belief, they are   indigenous to north Africa.   On the contrary,    they were and still are   conquerors.

Portuguese territory were  occupied by the African Moors until their independence in 1239.  Afterward,  Portugal  played a leading role in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade.  A contributing factor is    they  modified their caravel's triangular sails into a rectangle one.  Which allowed them to  easily sail around Africa's coast towards  the Indian Ocean. As results, they had a huge navigational  advantage when utilizing this technique during their “Voyages of Discovery." The history of Portugal dates back to the Early Middle Ages. In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal ascended to the status of a world power during Europe's "Age of Discovery" as it built up a vast empire, including possessions in Brazil, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. Over the following two centuries, Portugal kept most of its colonies, but gradually lost much of its wealth and status as the Dutch, English, and French took an increasing share of the spice and slave trades by surrounding or conquering the widely scattered Portuguese trading posts and territories.

Signs of military decline began with two disastrous battles: the Battle of Alcácer Quibir in Morocco in 1578 and Spain's abortive attempt to conquer England in 1588  "Spanish Armada."  Portugal was then in a dynastic union with Spain and contributed ships to the Spanish invasion fleet. The country was further weakened by the destruction of much of its capital city in an earthquake in 1755, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars and the loss of its largest colony, Brazil, in 1822.  At the same time,  Britain was establishing their colonies in America.

The Manifesto will conclude with  focusing on  World War II.   Emphasizing  on identifying individual lack of economic understanding.   Along with  countries being   exploited by foreign entities.   With feasible solutions on forming an universal African social and economic networking web.  Which would encourage Africans everywhere to embrace their ethnicity and economic prowness in an  African Manifesto.