African Manifesto

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Contemporary History



Economics is of  utmost importance because it determines whether  you live in a hut, an  apartment,  or being homeless.  This also  applies to African communities as well as   and countries.   An prolific economic example is    after the America's Civil War.  This is  when all of the South  infrastructure  was totally destroyed.  Despite these harsh conditions and economic hopelessness the freed slaves built self-contained  communities all around America.  Which were known as  Colored Towns, however  for  our purpose we shall deem  them    "Little Africa's" as a model for economic development.    These communities were self-contained because they   farmed, raised cattle,   operated general stores, stables, barber shops, beauty parlors without going outside of their respective neighborhoods.   As a result, over 100 Little Africa’s sprung up all over the South and Midwest America.

In fact, their successes were  envied by whites whom  purposely destroyed prosperous African  communities  in 1919.  This dreadful  year was   known as a Red Summer with a series of   systematic riots that  purposely  destroyed   over 25 African prosperous  communities.  One of the most heinous was  the  destruction of Little Africa in Tulsa, Oklahoma on June 1, 1921, (also known as Black Wall Street).  Which was followed by destruction of      Rosewood, Florida  in 1923.    Another tactic was urbanizing thru   flourishing  African communities.   Along with purposely  having  interstate  highway being deliberately mapped  through prosperous   African  enterprising business.   Together  with   intentionally  building  highways  though  vibrant communities from the Pacific to the Atlantic Coast.

For brevity sake  only  two  examples will given among  city and state  planners took advantage of federal money targeting  African commercial districts.  Among the first   was   Over town, Florida on   Interstate 95 that went through Miami's’ historic African neighborhood.  Several years later, Rondo Avenue was next  at the heart of St. Paul's largest African neighborhood that was displaced in the 1960s by freeway construction. Next was  St. Paul, Minnesota,  when  interstate 94 bisected the city’s historic neighborhood in St. Paul, Minneapolis.   

World War II 

 Germany and Italy was major players in Europe.    There are an assortment of reasons deadliest  war in human history.   

 verses England, France and also, America. However,   an African perspective it was over  colonies in Africa and Asia.  Mindfully,  Mussolini was seeking to revive its glory of Rome, who invaded Ethiopia in 1935 to avenge an embarrassing defeat they  suffered at the Battle of Adowa, Ethiopia on March 1 in 1896.  During the war,    England, France,  Belgium, and  also,  Portugal exposed their military weakness early on  when   Germany made short work of them.  This gave hope to Africans to gained their independence.   This happened chance moment in history allowed  them  break away from the yoke of colonialism, once and for all.   At the same time, Asia   led by Mahatma Gandhi  in India won  their independence.   That gain the 60's  when   one obtained  independence. In a short span of two decades, people of color reshaped the world geography with newly born countries in  Asia and Africa. 

At the end of the war,  all of Europes intrastructure was destroyed.   In retrospect,   this was a great blunder in European history..    

Mindfully,  World War II was the biggest blunder in Anglo-European  history.  At the other end of the spectrum,  it was the greatest event in history for Africans.      After the war,  the the former colonialist  business as usual. Obviously, this silly  ignored.  Especially,  witnessing when the colonized observed first hand their poor military performance in  the war.     Germany although defeated bombed all of Europe's infrastructure  leaving their economies ravaged.  

In the 60s,  African colonies demanded their   independence one by one gained them.  Notably, Belgium,  Portugal and Germany was reluctant to relinquish their colonies.    However, in the 70s  with aid of Cuban troops along with  Russian equipment fought and won independence in  Guinea ,   Anglo,  the Belgium Congo, Mozambique,  Southwest Africa along within influencing releasing  Nelson Mandela in South Africa.   This was done with help of  Castro cuban troops with Russian military equipment.  

At wars end, th
e former colonialist expected their colonies to return to its status quo. Obviously, this silly notion was ignored. Especially,  since Asian and African troops  did most of the fighting for their former colonies.  At the same time, witnessing their former  poor military performance during the war. As a result,  all of Europe's infrastructure was reduced  to shambles.    Therefore,  they were no longer able to rule their colonies.
At the end of the war, Africans whom were victimized during colonialism.  Gained their independence either by negotiations or  on the battlefield. Inadvertently, this war end over 300   years of colonialism. The end of the war,
Africans on both sides of the Atlantic return home with a mindset. Now they are demanding independence in Africa along with social changes in America.
However, there was a considerable amount of social change but very little economical awareness. Considering, African countries did not develop  industries of their own. Whether it was agricultural  on top or minerals under the ground.  Africans in American became and still is decades consumers.  

In today's contemporary world, there is a misguide focus on Civil Rights, along with social acceptance, integration and an assortment of activities. Which has nothing to do with  economic development. Rather,  there is a misguide belief focusing  on  Civil Rights, along with social acceptance,   integration  an assortment of activities, which has nothing to  economic development. Sadly, the practice of self-help or resiliency has been ignored.   Instead, it is focusing on  jobs,  instead of developing industries of their own that  would provide gainful employment.   

The proper course of action is building industries as oppose to seeking employment.  Or  developing housing complexes operated and own by  Africans.    Unfortunately,  economic self-reliance initiatives are not part of any meaningful discussion.

Realistically,   a large percentage of Africans  are in debt.    As as well,  African countries economies are under the ream western financial institutions.  The IMF,  World Bank and WTO are nothing but instruments of western country to maintain their dominance.  

On the other hand,   Africans are engaging in activities that are counter productive to their own economic progress.   Such as buying every widget imaginable, along with paying off  student  or  car loans or some fade or widget.   This is  along with celebrating  a plethora of holidays that corresponds with  spending money without knowing their origin or history.   These holidays can be categorized as   Valentines Day,  Easter,  Halloween,  Thanksgiving, and Christmas. Sadly, Africans individually, as well as countries   are engulfed into an economic  revolving door fueled by a credit quandary under international control.
Economic Responsible
It is important that  African countries as well as individuals to become economically responsible among themselves.   As individuals they have to duty to spend their money wisely by circulating between each other.     Additionally,   African countries must add value to their raw resources by processing them into finish commodities before exporting.  

In today's contemporary,   Africans   descendants of slavery as well as those victimized by colonialism must  collaborate among each other.   Along with embracing their  ethnicity by  addressing each other as Africans regardless of birthplace.  However to get better comprehension a  synopsis of history is appropriate.      We shall begin with  Christopher Columbus second voyage which  was one of conquest.   The evidence is that the  Spanish Monarchy of Queen Isabella and King Fernando outfitted him with 17 ships accompanies by 1200 conquistadors ( a person who is out to conquer new territory).  

And also,  chickens, pigs, horses, mules and five priests.   Giving him a mandate to colonize  his so-called New World.   This water shed moment in history was the purcusor of Slavery and Colonialism.

he IMF, WB & WTO
The end of colonialism  gave birth to neocolonialism with the creation of  a World Bank along with an International Monetary Fund (IMF), jointly known as, Bretton Woods  were created in 1944 with an aim to help rebuild the economies that had been greatly affected by World War II. The original plans included a world  trade organization. However, it was not until 1995 that it was formed.

The IMF would supposedly create a stable climate for international trade by harmonizing its members' monetary policies; Meanwhile, maintaining exchange stability. It would be able to provide temporary financial assistance to countries encountering difficulties with their balance of payments. The World Bank, on the other hand, would serve to improve the capacity of countries to trade by lending money to war-ravaged and impoverished countries for reconstruction and development projects. By 1944, none of the colonized countries in Africa had  independence and hence were neither members nor intended beneficiaries of this grand plan.

However, this was merely a new form of colonialism, called "Neocolonialism".    Which was a  the same western countries, masked under the pretext of so-called economic support for   That  by the World Bank, along with  International Monetary Fund (IMF) and later joined  the WTO. Their  policies of structural adjustment programs which would

was used to have these African were enforced on poor African countries through these organizations have chained their economies to mere subsistence, by preventing self-help to the continent's socioeconomic problems. Moreover, the same policies seem to favor a trade imbalance to the already wealthy Western economies over the struggling ones in Africa.

The World Bank is best known for financing big projects like dams, roads, and power plants, supposedly designed to assist in economic development, which has often been associated with the monumental environmental devastation and social dislocation. In recent years, about half of its lending has gone to programs indistinguishable from the IMF's: austerity plans that " reform " economic policies by suffocating the poor and inviting corporate exploitation.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) along with a World Bank is the major cause of poverty in African countries today; Despite claims that they will reduce poverty. It is widely accepted that most of the debts are due to their policies. The IMF, in particular, was originally formed to promote steady growth and full employment by offering unconditional loans to economies in crises and establishing mechanisms to stabilize exchange rates and facilitate currency exchange. Much of these visions never came to reality. Pressure from the US government made IMF start offering loans based on strict conditions. Critics have said that these policies have reduced the level of social safety and worsened labor and environmental standards in developing countries.

These two institutions require borrowing countries to implement certain policies in order to obtain new loans (or lower interest rates on existing ones. ) Factually, many African countries are in poverty partly due to these programs. This duo has been heavily criticized for many years by an overwhelming majority of countries, which receive this aid. Profoundly, their poverty level has always increased. This is despite these institution's claims otherwise. Notably, they are privately owned that is supposedly helping to develop these so-called third-world countries.

The clauses attached to the loans have been criticized because of their detrimental effects on Africa. Moreover, these are  institution's dictating governmental affairs. For the most part, their recommendation is counterproductive. According to many credible studies, there is no evidence of any meaningful change initiated from either program.

These powerful conspirators are an assortment of international bankers, along with an Illuminati, which is a consortium of well-financed organizations, that heavily influence mainstream media, workforce, educational systems, companies, banks, energy suppliers with  western governments. The IMF and World Bank are largely controlled and owned by the developed nations such as USA, Germany, UK, Japan, among other industrial countries. The US, for example, controls 17 to 18% of the voting right at the IMF. When an 85% majority is required before a decision, the US effectively has veto power. In addition, the World Bank is 51% funded by the US treasury.

This Bank, as well as IMF, loaned money in return for structural adjustment of their economies. This means  direction of each country would be planned, monitored, and controlled in Washington. Consequently, Africa's infant industries fail to take off under extensive trade liberalization. This is also very critical with respect to imported food such as rice, wheat, milk, and so forth.

Privatization, on the other hand, and its effects on government enterprises that do not function well cannot be challenged. Nevertheless, wholesale privatization of everything that is government owned cannot also be justified. In any case, there are few difficulties such as the limited indigenous business to take over government enterprises; the shortages of local private capital to pay for the running cost of privatized enterprises.

Another important factor is the devaluation of currencies, which is supposed to increase self-sufficiency by making imported products' more expensive and African exports cheaper. Since most countries do not produce these commodities so it is impossible to replace them with locally produced ones. On the other hand, most of the countries that buy African products have set certain amounts on how much can be imported or have fixed prices. If they shelter their own products, it would not make an impact because no single country can compete globally. It can be said without successful contradiction, these two institutions are another form of colonialism.

African Economic Group
Of course,  there are some African countries that are engaged in   Civil Wars, rapes, robberies, along with a multitude of other negativeness. On the other hand,  the keys to Africa's futue is  self-reliance focusing on internal development among themselves.  However, in order to complete against the worlds industrial complexes it is incumbent individual African countries  organize into  into one economic group without relinquishing their sovereignty.

This will present  endless possibilities for Africa's agricultural products as well as those beneath the ground to be  developed among Africans themselves .   Along with taking advantage of new technologies.  For  example  Uganda,   Nigeria, and  Tanzania have designed and built their  own car and trucks industries.   Additionally,  Africans countries are participating  in the new technologies of 3-D printing,  and drones.

The other end of   western institutions such as the IMF, World  and International Monterrey Fund.   Which is the tool of Neocolonialism that is counter productive to African   Instead, Africans must rely on themselves for their economic progress.  The main function is building industries to supply their own goods and services.

Africa  build industries among themselves that is based on supplying their everyday goods and services.   Most importantly,  by building their own industries it would  millions and millions of jobs for its own people.     No longer would they have to seek jobs from other cultures.  For the sake of its own survival  self-sufficiency is  a prime source of addressing African socioeconomic issues

Now is a  good time for Africans to assess new strategies to take charge of their own future. To make these feasible Africans must  collaborate  among themselves. At the same time, become more internationally competitive — in manufacturing   clothing, footwear, apparel and so forth.   They have to raise and lower tariffs in favor of their own development.

By the same token, they have to develop   their business environments by investing  themselves.   This is along  eradicating hunger in Africa once and for all. For instance, between the Congo, Zimbabwe, together with Cote Ivoire has enough agricultural capacity to grow sufficient crops to feed all the continents.

Another, economic element on top of the Manifestos agenda is reclaiming the African hair care industry. Mindfully, nappy hair is unique to all of its citizens. Therefore, there is no reason another culture should control their hair care industry. Since it is an eight-billion-dollar industry formerly controlled by Africans.

Now is time for African consumers to pay attention to their spending habits.  First on the agenda,  recognizing other cultures holidays are foreign to  African culture.  Mindfully,  these holidays have been forced on us and after generations they have been accepted and celebrated without any question.  Today, they are celebrated without any question.

Due to the fact,   when an African  is born  in western culture, he or she is taught Portuguese, Spanish, French or English along with western traditions and holidays. This stems from generations of parents repeating a story which was told to them by their parents. Consequently, a plethora of holidays is still celebrated without any question.   Among them are Easter Sunday, Columbus Day, Thanksgiving along with Christmas and many others.

Reflecting back to  period were some Africans  spoke against alienation of their culture.   These ideas reflect the Marcus Garvey's movement of universal racial pride,  united communities around the world. This is along with, protesting the ill treatment in America.

Which is heavily influenced by marketing on television, movies, radio, newspapers, magazines along with an Internet presence? That encourages driving an expensive car, wearing designer clothes, living in luxurious homes, and ordering a costly bottle of wine, creating a particular image of themselves to present throughout the world.   Which is counter productive to economic progress.

For the most part,  African countries negotiates

Appropriately, Africans  with countries on the continent have to reflect on their economic behavior. As a person, they must know where their money is being spent along with refraining from buying every widget that comes on the market.   Common economic prudence is essential for Individuals as well as countries.

A prime example is the African hair care market is controlled by the Asians. Another, an example is there are over 25 million cell phone users in Ghana. Among the other millions scatter around the world. Guess what? Africans do own or control the cell phone industry. As a matter of fact, there is not one single global commodity that is controlled by Africans. As countries, for the most part, the value is not being added to resources which are a recipe for financial failure.

At the other end of the spectrum, Africa is a continent full of paradoxes, especially as it relates to processing natural materials. These conditions will remain the same unless African people recognize and change their economic habits. The following is a few examples:

African in America project income for 2015 is 1.1 trillion dollars. However, for the most part, when that money left their hands, it was spent on cars, appliances, clothes and so on to enrich other cultures. One thing can be said with certainty, the overwhelming majority of the money did not return to them in any way shape or form.

From a positive perspective, diamond-rich Botswana has been praised as a country doing things right, experiencing relatively stable and transparent economic growth for decades. It has also managed to retain some of the profits from processing its raw materials - something most African countries have failed to do.

Among the 20 poorest countries across the world, 18 are African.  This is according to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) which is a  primary indicator used to gauge the will always be controlled by other cultures.
It would be economically responsible for knowing why you are spending your money. Profoundly, once you know the actual origin. You can make an informed decision on whether or not to celebrate them. More importantly, children must learn early on there is no such thing as a tooth fairy, Santa Claus nor Tarzan. As a matter of fact, a matter of fact, not one country produces a commodity to compete in the global marketplace. Just think, when an African shop for clothes, food, utilities it's always from another culture.

Embracing economic empowerment would erase African   inequalities that are prevalent around the world.  For the most part, it is not mention in any meaningful conversation among our leaders.   As a result,   there is not one global commodity that has its origin within African communities.   In other words,  Africans depend on other cultures for their commodities along with mean of employment.    Sadly,  we  have depended on other cultures for their survival. Last and most importantly, Africans must add value to their resources along with creating, marketing and distributing   goods and service between Africa themselves. Just think, if these industries are created by Africans will a principal avenue for them to employ themselves.  Instead of begging for jobs from other cultures.

Mindfully, the self-help initiatives visions of the honorable Marcus Garvey a century ago when Africa was completely colonized.   Surely,  with Africa's political autonomy along with descendants education, and wealth they should be able to more and duplicate Mr. Garvey's accomplishments.   Especially, when he had absolutely nothing to work with.


Sabamya Jaugu

African Manifesto