- African Manifesto
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Contemporary History

Economics is of the utmost importance because it determines either you live in a hut, flat, apartment, a home or home less. You have a choice of dinning out when ever you want or what eat. Or you go hungry. The same economic scenario applies to regions and countries as well. We will use successful economic models   after the America's Civil War in 1865 when the South  infrastructure  was destroyed.  Despite these harsh conditions the former slaves built self-contained  communities Americas the South and Western  in America.  Which were (known as  Colored Towns, however we shall called them    "Little Africa's".   These communities were self-contained when they   farmed, raised cattle,   operated general stores, stables, barber shops, beauty parlors and so forth? As a result, over 100 Little Africa’s sprung up all over the South and Midwest America. Their success was  envied by whites whom  purposely destroyed prosperous these communities  in 1919.  

This is   known as the Red Summer when  systematic riots purposely  destroyed  the economic progress of over 25 African communities.  This was followed by the deliberate  destruction of Little Africa in Tulsa, Oklahoma on June 1, 1921, (also known as Black Wall Street) and also,    Rosewood, Florida  in 1923.  The destruction of African communities continued  with the   urbanization of interstate  highways .    When they  deliberately built highways  though   African vibrant communities from the Pacific to the Atlantic Coast.

For our purpose only  two  examples will given, in many cities, local city planners took advantage of federal money to target African commercial districts. The first victimized  was   Over town, Florida on   Interstate 95 through the heart of Miami's’ historic African neighborhood.  Several years later, Rondo Avenue was next  at the heart of St. Paul's largest African neighborhood that was displaced in the 1960s by freeway construction. In St. Paul, Minnesota, after Interstate 94 bisected the city’s historic neighborhood in St. Paul, Minneapolis.    These were only two among many others that suffered the same fade.

World War II

The participates of this war was    Germany along with Japan  verses England, France and the United States. Basically, from an African perspective it was over English, Belgium, France, German and Portuguese colonies in Africa and Asia.  And also,  Mussolini seeking to revive its glory of Rome, who had invaded Ethiopia in 1935 to avenge an embarrassing defeat that Italy had suffered at the Battle of Adowa, Ethiopia on March 1 in 1896.

At wars end,  England, France,  Belgium, and Portugal exposed their military weakness when   Germany made short work of them early in the war.  This gave hope to Africans to gained their independence.   

From an African viewpoint this event was opportunity for them to gain their independence. More importantly, this happened chance moment in history allowed people of color in general, and Africans, particularly to break away from the yoke of colonialism. 

Asia  was led by Mahatma Gandhi  in India that was slowly followed by African colonies gaining their independence.   That gain the 60's  when   one obtained  independence. In a short span of two decades, people of color reshaped the world geography with newly born countries in  Asia and Africa.  Mindfully,  World War II was the biggest blunder in Anglo-European  history.  

At the other end of the spectrum,  it was the greatest event in history for people of color.      After the war,  the the former colonialist  business as usual. Obviously, this silly  ignored.  Especially,  witnessing when the colonized observed first hand their poor military performance in  the war.     Germany although defeated bombed all of Europe's intrastrure leaving their economies diverstated.  

In the 60s,  the British and French  African colonies demanded and  independence one by one.  Belgium,  Portugal and Germany was reluctant to relinquish their colonies.    However, in the 70s  with the aid of Cuban troops and Russian equipment who help liberate,  Guinea ,   Anglo,  the Belgium Congo, Mozimbique,  Southwest Africa along with South Africa.   This was done with help of  Castro cuban troops with Russian military equipment.